Is an extra-parochial district, surrounded by the parishes of Castle Carrock, Cumrew, Cumwhitton, and Hayton; and comprises 1810 acres of
land, belonging to the earl of Carlisle. The soil is light, uneven, and full of stones,
but produces tolerable crops of wheat, barley, oats, &c. It contains only 61
inhabitants, resident in seven houses, situated about seven miles S. of Brampton, and is
divided into six farms, but has not had a church for several ages, nor is there any
evidence, except tradition, to point out the site of its ancient church. One Gospatrick, fill.
Mac-benok, an Irishman, held this manor of Henry II, for which he paid fifty marks.
Mac-ben-og are three Irish words, signifying the son of a younger wife (filius junioris
uxoris). It was afterwards given by king John to Robert Ross, from whom it passed, by
the grant of Henry III, to Alexander, king of Scotland, and his successors, who held the
same till seized by Edward I on account of the revolt of John Baliol, king of Scots; it
was afterwards granted by Richard II to Randulph Nevil, earl of Westmorland, and Johan,
his wife, from whom it descended to Richard, earl of Salisbury, and next to Richard, earl
of Warwick, who was slain at Barnet1, when Edward IV gave it
to his brother, Richard, duke of Gloucester, afterwards king Richard III. The church was
given by Robert de Vallibus to Lanercost priory, and was appropriated thereto by bishop
Halton; but since the dissolution the tithes have continued in the crown, and are leased
to the earl of Carlisle, together with the manor and that of Geltsdale Forest. The
bishop's register ends in 1380, when one Richard Hogge was incumbent.
Mannix & Whellan, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cumberland, 1847
1. Barnet - a battle (1471) during the Wars of the Roses.
29 April 2008
© Steve Bulman