Hayton Parish

  > Is about ten miles in circumference, being bounded by the parishes of Farlam, Brampton, Castle Carrock, Cumwhitton, Wetheral, Warwick, and Irthington; includes the two manors of Hayton and Talkin, both within the barony of Gilsland, and belonging to the earl of Carlisle; and contains 7650 acres, rated at 6542 12s., and a population of 1213 souls. It is refreshed by the rivers Irthing and Gelt, which unite here, and are augmented by several smaller streams. The parish possesses a varied soil: near Talkin it is dry and gravelly: in Hayton manor, the land, in many parts, is very fertile, and the soil, a deep blackish loam, very luxuriant; and in other parts it is light and sandy. On the river Gelt are quarries of freestone, limestone, and blue slate, and on Talkin are extensive coal mines. The parish abounds in game, and is divided into the four townships of Little Corby, Faugh and Fenton, Hayton, and Talkin.

Hayton township has a pleasantly situated village, 2 miles S.W. of Brampton, commanding an extensive view of the country, north and west. Here is a circular eminence, called Castle Hill, about 12 feet high, 100 feet in diameter at the top, and depressed in the middle. This probably has been a bulwark of defence to Edmond Castle, distant about one mile N.W. of Hayton, and now the much improved and beautiful seat of Thomas Henry Graham, Esq. At the east end of the village is Stone House, the neat residence of colonel Whinyates, but the property of Sir Hew Dalrymple Ross, K.C.B.1 &c.

The Church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a neat edifice, built in 1780, with a small square tower, and is calculated to held about 100 persons. The chancel was rebuilt in 1842 chiefly at the expense at T. H. Graham Esq., who is the principal landowner of this township. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the gift of the dean and chapter of Carlisle, and incumbency of the Rev. George Topping. Previous to the commutation, the tithes were leased out for 21 years, by the dean and chapter, reserving the annual payment of 17 eskeps2 of oatmeal; and the lessee covenanted to pay the curate 5 yearly, and to repair the chancel; and ancient custom of the lessee of the small tithes giving the inhabitants 48 quarts of ale (viz. 12 on the feast of St. Andrew, 12 at Candlemas, and 24 at Easter) has been discontinued. The earl of Carlisle is the impropriator of a moiety of the corn tithes of Talkin, and the vicar of Brampton owns the hay tithes, and one moiety of the small tithes of the same township; but all are now commuted for a rent charge on the land. In 1751 and 1757, the curacy received two augmentations from queen Anne's bounty, amounting to 400, with which land was purchased at Hayton, and added to the ancient glebe - making altogether about 40 acres. The benefice is now worth about 127 per annum. In the village is a Wesleyan chapel. The School at Hayton, where about 100 children are instructed, is principally supported by Thomas Henry Graham, Esq., and a school at Talkin is endowed with six acres of land bequeathed in 1798, by Mr. John Melburne - now let for about 10 a year; besides which, T. H. Graham, Esq. contributes 2 2s., and the Rev G. Topping 1 yearly. About 1792, two human skeletons, one a male and the other a female, were dug up in the Long Moss, on the south side of this parish. "They appeared to have been wrapped up in blankets, but no coffin." * At the south end of the same moss is a beautiful conical hill, called Lazon, or Glasson Castle, which for several years, has been planted with forest trees. In 1701, the improved common lands of the parish were enfranchised for the yearly rent of 23, payable to the lord of the manor.

Corby (Little) is a small village and township, six miles west by north of Carlisle. It is situate at the confluence of the rivers Eden and Irthing, and is chiefly the property of P. H. Howard, Esq., and Mr. George Irthing, the former of whom is lord of the manor. The customary tenants pay a 20d. fine on the death of the lord, and two years value on change of tenant. Population in 1841, 283.

talkin.jpg (18860 bytes)Faugh and Fenton are two small hamlets, the former 1, and the latter one mile south of Hayton, containing 339 inhabitants, including the hamlet of How, half-a-mile S.S.W. of Hayton. The soil belongs chiefly to the earl of Carlisle, John Ramshay, Esq., and a few resident yeomen.

Talkin township has a village 2 miles E. by S. of Hayton, and contains 344 inhabitants. Here are coal mines, limestone and freestone quarries, and also a small lake, called Talkin Tarn, well stocked with fish. About the year 1790, three large buckles, or clasps, of gold, were found near Netherton farm, where a battle was fought by lord Hunsden3. They measured 3 or 4 inches in diameter, and about 1 inch in thickness, and were sold for upwards of 30. A neat Church, or Chapel of Ease has lately been erected here by T. H. Graham, Esq., (the stone being given by the earl of Carlisle), at the cost of about 800. It has not yet been endowed, and the present officiating clergyman is the Rev. John Lowthian, curate of the incumbent of Hayton. The school here is already noticed. The earl of Carlisle is the principal landowner and lord of the manor.

* Hutchinson


Mannix & Whellan, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cumberland, 1847




1. K.C.B. - Knight Commander of the Bath.
2. Consulting a number of dictionaries, including ones devoted to local dialect, has failed to reveal the definition of an eskep.
3. I'm not familiar with Lord Hunsden, so his battle must remain un-named at present.

Photo Steve Bulman.

19 June 2015

Steve Bulman