Jollie's Cumberland Guide & Directory 1811

  > CHAP. VIII. A LIST OF ALL THE PARISHES, CHAPELRIES, TOWNSHIPS, VILLAGES, GENTLEMEN'S SEATS, MINES, MINERALS, &c. IN THE COUNTY.

R. stands for rectory, v. vicarage, c. curacy, ch. chapelry, c.w. Cumberland Ward, l. w. Leath-ward, al. ab. Allerdale-above-Derwent, al. be. Allerdale-below-Derwent, e. w. Eskdale-ward. - The names in italics are constablewicks.

  • Addingham, v. Glassonby, Gamblesby, Hunsanby, Winscales, Little Salkeld. At the latter place is a Druid's monument. l.w.
  • Ainstable, v. Ainstable and Shicklopt, Nunnery and a part of Armathwaite. At both places fine scenery. l.w.
  • Alston, r. Alston-moor, Garrigill, c. Lead ore and coal. l.w.
  • Arlecdon, r. Arlecdon and Trissington, united. Freestone, iron ore, coal, and lime. al. ab.
  • Allhallows, v. Allhallows, Hemanby, Whitehall, Harby-brow, and Bagra. Freestone, al. be.
  • Allonby, ch. in Bromfield parish. al. be.
  • Aspatria, v. Aspatria, Hayton, Allarby, and Outerside; (the last three one constablewick) Outerby, Alwardby, Brayton. al. ab.
  • Arthuret, r. Brackenhill, Lineside, Longtown, Netherby. c. w.
  • Aikton, r. Gamblesby, Biglands, Wigganby, Aikton, Wampool, Thornby, Laiths, Drumlening, Whitrigg-lees. c. w.
  • Bees St. r. St. Nicholas, St. James, and Trinity, (three chapels in Whitehaven) Eskdale, Wastdale, and Ennerdale, are also chapelries, Whillimoor, Hensingham, Ratington, and Netherwasdale, are townships. A great many gentlemen's seats are in this parish. Coal. al. ab.
  • Bassenthwaite, c. Highside and Lowside, two constablewicks. Armathwaite, the seat of Sir F. F. Vane, Mirehouse the seat of John Spedding, Esq. al. be.
  • Bewcastle, r. Bailey, Bell-bank, Bewcastle, and Nixons. A Runic monument. c. w.
  • Beaumont, c. Beaumont, Monk-hill, Sandsfield or Port Carlisle. c. w.
  • Borrowdale, ch. under Crosthwaite. Black lead mines. al. ab.
  • Bowness, r. Bowness, Drumburgh, Fingland, Glassonby, Easton. Roman wall ends here. c. w.
  • Bridekirk, v. Bridekirk, Tallentire, Broughton, Great Broughton, Little Dovenby, Papcastle, Ribton. Very ancient fount in the church. al. be.
  • Bolton, v. Bolton-high-side, Bolton Wood, Bolton-row, Weary-hall, Newlands, White-hall. Coal and lime. al. be.
  • Bromfield, v. Allonby, (a chapelry) Longrigg, Mealrigg, Westnewton, Blencogo, Dundraw, Crookdake, Scales, Wheyrigg, Moor-row, Kelsick. al. be.
  • Brigham, v. has five chapelries, Egglesfield, Blindbothel, Brackenthwaite, Greysouthen, Whinfield. Coal, lime, and freestone. al. ab.
  • Buttermere, ch. under Brigham. Slate quarries. al. ab.
  • Brampton, v. Brampton, Easby, Naworth. Roman inscription on Gelt rock. e.w.
  • Bootle, r. Bootle, a small weekly market. Formerly a nunnery at Seaton. al. ab.
  • Bride St. c. Bride and St. John's, (united) Calder and Beckermont, Calder Lordship. Freestone but no coal or lime. al. ab.
  • Burgh, v. Burgh-head, Longburgh, West-end, Boustead-hill, Moor-house. King Edward's monument, Roman wall runs through this parish. Dykesfield, Shield, Thrustonfield, Wormanby, and Old Sandsfield, which is only a single house. c. w.
  • Caldbeck, r. Caldbeck-high, Caldbeck-low, Haltcliff, Hesket-new-Market, (a small market-town). Carrock-Fell,and the Howk, worth seeing: copper ore, coals, and lime. al. be.
  • Cammerton, c. Seaton, Cammerton, Flimby, (a chapelry in this parish). Coal and freestone. al. be.
  • Cross-Canonby, c. Canonby, Crosby, Nether-hall and Birkby, (Maryport, a market-town and sea-port, where is also a chapel.) Coals and freestone; a Roman station; at Netherhall, Mr. Senhouse has a valuable collection of antiquities. al. be.
  • Cleator, c. Cleator. An iron forge is here, and another at Wath: coal and iron ore. al. ab.
  • Corney, r. Corney, Birkby and Wyberthwaite, (one constablewick.) Barnscar; antiquities and Druidical remains. al. ab.
  • Clifton, Great and Little, ch. under Workington. al. ab.
  • Cockermouth, ch. under Brigham; a borough and market town; the buildings good. al. ab.
  • Crosthwaite, v. Keswick, Underskiddaw, St. John's, and Wythburn. It has five chapelries which are noticed in this list. al. be.
  • Castle-Sowerby, v. Howbound, Southernby, Rowbound, Bustubeck, Stocklewath. At Raughtonhead there is a chapel; freestone and lime. l. w.
  • Castle-Carrock, r. Castle-Carrock-outside, Castle-Carrock-Town. Hespeck-raise cairn - admirable prospect; lime-stone. e. w.
  • Croglin, r. Croglin and Newbiggin. Coal, lime, and marble. l. w.
  • Cuthbert St. c. (see Carlisle). c. w.
  • Crosby, v. Brunstock, Crosby-high, Crosby-low, Walby. Freestone. c. w.
  • Cumrew, c. Cumrew-Town, Cumrew-outside. Cardunneth-cairn worth seeing.
  • Cumwhitton, c. Cumwhitton, Norsceugh, Murthwaite. c. w.
  • Dacre, v. Dacre and Soulby, Great Blencowe, Great Stainton, Newbiggin. Dacre Castle; Dalemain, the seat of Mr. Hasell. l. w.
  • Dearham, v. Dearham, Ellenborough and Unerigg. Unerigg-hall, the ancient mansion of family of Christian. Coal. al. be.
  • Dissington, r. Dissington. Coal, lime, and freestone. al. ab.
  • Dean, r. Dean and Ullock, Pardshaw, Dean Scales, Braithwaite. Coal, lime, freestone, iron ore, and fire clay. al. ab.
  • Drigg, c. Drigg and Carleton. A medicinal salt spring. al. ab.
  • Dalston, v. Dalston, Buckabank, Hawksdale, Ivegill, Cumdivack, Raughton, Gatesgill. At High-head is a chapel and ancient castle; Rose Castle, the Bishop's seat; Shawk quarries and Roman inscription; Dalston Hall. c. w.
  • Denton, r. Nether-Denton and Upper-Denton, (united in one parish) each a constablewick, Chapel Burn, Dixon-Clugh-head, Birkhurst, Denton-mill. Lime and freestone. e. w.
  • Egremont, r. Egremont, (a neat little market-town) Lordship of Egremont. An ancient castle; lime and freestone. al. ab.
  • Edenhall, c. Edenhall. Giant's cave. l. w.
  • Ennerdale, ch. Ennerdale, (under St. Bees) Kinniside. Lead ore, slates. al. ab.
  • Embleton, ch. Embleton, (under St. Bees). al. ab.
  • Esdale, ch. Esdale and Wasdale, (united under St. Bees). al. ab.
  • Farlam, v. Farlam East, Farlam West, Farlam Hall, Kirkhouse, Milton. e. w.
  • Flimby, ch. Flimby, (under Cammerton). al. be.
  • Gosforth, r. Gosforth, Bolton, Seascales. Freestone. al. ab.
  • Gilcrux, v. Gilcrux. Coal, lime, and freestone; a medicinal salt spring. al. be.
  • Greystoke, r. Berrier and Murray, Little Blencowe, Greystoke, Hutton and Penruddock, Hutton-John, Hutton-Roof, Johnby, Matterdale* and Wasthwaite, Motherby and Gill, Mungrisdale*, Watermillock*, Threlkeld*. l.w.   - (*) Those marked thus are chapelries within Greystoke.
  • Grinsdale, c. Grinsdale. c. w.
  • Harrington, r. Harrington, (a sea port). Coal, iron ore, and fire clay. al. ab.
  • Holm Cultram, v. Holm Low, Holm Abbey, Holm St. Cuthbert, Holm East Waver. In this parish was an abbey of Cistercians, part of the ruins remain; Wulstey castle, of great antiquity; Skinburness. al. be.
  • Hale, c. Hale. Freestone and lime. al. ab.
  • Hesket, c. Hesket-Upper, Hesket-Nether, Plumpton, Nunclose, Peteril Crooks. Armathwaite castle; Tarn Wadeline. l. w.
  • Hutton, r. Hutton, Thomas Close. Sir F. F. Vane, Bart. has a seat at Hutton. l. w.
  • Hayton, c. Corby-Little, Fenton, Hayton, Talkin, Faugh, How, Netherton, Helbeck, Heads-Nook. Coals, slate, and freestone. e. w.
  • Ireby, c. Ireby-High, Ireby-Low. Freestone and lime. al. ab.
  • Irton, c. Irton and Santon, (united) Holme Rook, Irton Hall. al. ab.
  • John's St. ch. under Crosthwaite. al. ab.
  • Isel, v. Isel-High, Isel-Low, Blindcrake, Old Park. The ancient seat of the Lawsons. al. be.
  • Irthington, v. Irthington, Laversdale, Newby, Newtown. e. w.
  • Kirkland, v. Kirkland and Blencairne, Skirwith, Cugaith, ch. l. w.
  • Kirkoswald, v. Kirkoswald, Staffold. Old Castle; Mr. Featherstonehaugh has a seat here; a paper mill; freestone and marble. l. w.
  • Kirkandrews-Upon-Esk, r. Moat, Middle-Nether, Nichol-forest, ch. Freestone at Glener, burne; buildings good. e. w.
  • Kirkbampton, r. Kirkbampton, Little Bampton, Oughterby. c. w.
  • Kirkbride, r. Kirkbride. c. w.
  • Kirklinton, v. Hethersgill, Kirklinton-Middle, Westlinton. Several freestone quarries. e. w.
  • Lorton, r. Lorton, part of Brigham, and under it is Wythop, Buttermere, and Brackenthwaite. al. ab.
  • Lamplugh, r. Lamplugh, Kelton, Murton, Salter, (extra parochial). Freestone and lime. al. ab.
  • Langwathby, c. Langwathby. l. w.
  • Lazonby, v. Lazonby, Plumpton-wall, (a chapelry). l. w.
  • Lowswater, v. Lowswater, (under St. Bees). al. ab.
  • Lanercost, c. Askerton, Banks, Burtholme, Kingwater, Waterhead, Moorguards, De Soglin, Wasthall, Kirkcambeck, (formerly a parish). Priory; Gilsland spa, and Birdoswald worth seeing. e. w.
  • Matterdale, ch. under Greystoke. l. w.
  • Mungrisdale, ch. under Greystoke. l. w.
  • Moresby, r. Moresby and Parton, one constablewick. A Roman station; coal and lime. al. ab.
  • Muncaster, c. Muncaster and Birkby, (joined) Ravenglass, (a market-town and sea-port). Muncaster House, the seat of Lord Muncaster, has a fine appearance and prospect; antiquities found in this neighbourhood. al. ab.
  • Millum, v. Millum, Ulpha and Thwaites, (two chapelries under Millum). Millum castle, very ancient; Druidical temple. al. ab.
  • St. Mary's, c. (see Carlisle). c. w.
  • Melmerby, r. Melmerby, Mr. Pattinson has a good mansion house here. l. w.
  • Mosser, ch. Mosser, (under Brigham). al. ab.
  • Newton, c. Newton, Catterlan, (they maintain their respective poor separately). Freestone. l. w.
  • Newlands, ch. Newlands, (under Crosthwaite). al. ab.
  • Nichol-Forest, ch. Nichol-forest, (under Kirkandrews-upon-Esk) Penton-Lin, on the Liddel, a great natural curiosity. e. w.
  • Ousby, r. Ousby. Lead mines at Bulman hills. l. w.
  • Orton, r. Orton, Baldwinholm, Little Orton, Woodhouses. Trials for coal have been made here without success. c. w.
  • Ponsonby, c. Ponsonby and Newton, (one constablewick) Calder. Ponsonby Hall is the seat of Mr. Stanley, who has much improved this parish; fine freestone. al. ab.
  • Plumbland, r. Plumbland, Blennerhassett, Bothel, and Threepland: Warthole, Parsonby and Arcleby, are manors. Coal, lime, and freestone. al. be.
  • Penrith, r. Burowgate, Dockray, Carleton, Netherend and Bridge, Middlegate and Sandgate, Townhead, Plumptonhead. l. w.
  • Renwick, c. Renwick. Coals and lime. l. w.
  • Rockcliff, c. Church-Town, Castle-town, Blackrigg, Hill, Harker, Crooke-Dykes, Red-hill, Rockcliff-Cross, Wetheral, Garistown and Floristown. c. w.
  • Skelton, r. Skelton, Lamonby, Unthank. Remains of several ancient seats and other antiquities; freestone and lime. l. w.
  • Setmurthy, ch. Setmurthy, (under Brigham). Copper ore and slates. al. ab.
  • Salkeld, r. Salkeld Great. Many remains of fortified places and a mineral spring. l. w.
  • Stanwix, v. Etterby, Linstock, Stanwix, Houghton, Rickerby, Tarraby, Cargo, Stainton.  - N.B. The hamlet of King-Moor (extra-parochial) adjoins this parish. c. w.
  • Scaleby, r. Scaleby-East, Scaleby-West. The castle of Scaleby is very ancient, and has been in the possession of many noble proprietors. c. w.
  • Sebergham, c. Sebergham-High, Sebergham-Low, Welton, Newlands, Warnell and Hart-Rigg. Coal and lime. c. w.
  • Stapleton, r. Stapleton, Bellbank, Solport, Trough. e. w.
  • Thornthwaite, ch. under Crosthwaite. al. ab.
  • Thwaites, ch. and Chapel-Sucken, one constablewick, (under Millum). al. ab.
  • Threlkeld, ch. under Greystoke. l. w.
  • Torpenhow, v. Torpenhow, Bewaldeth, Whitrigg, Kirkland, Guards, Threepland, Bothel, Snittlegarth. Lime and freestone. al. ab.
  • Thursby, v. Thursby, Moor-End, Eveninghill, Howend, Woodhouse, Nealhouse and Nealhouse-hid, Crofton and Whinnow, Parton and Micklethwaite, Winns-hill and Newlands. Crofton Place is the seat of Sir Wastel Brisco, Bart. c. w.
  • Ulpha, ch. under Millum. al. ab.
  • Uldale, r. Uldale, Auhertree, Above-Ouse, Longlands, Orthwaite. Lime, freestone, and coal, the latter is not wrought. al. be.
  • Wythorp, c. under Brigham. al. ab.
  • Whicham, r. } united in one constablewick.
  • Whitbeck, r. } Many Druidical temples and other antiquities in this district. al. ab.
  • Wyberthwaite, r.  Wyberthwaite; Stainton, a Lordship adjoining, is extra-parochial, and joins Millum in support of the poor. al. ab.
  • Wasdale, ch. under St. Bees. al. ab.
  • Westward, c. Rosley and Curthwaite, Woodside, Stoneraise, Brockelbank, Islekirk. Clea Hall, the seat of Sir H. Fletcher, Bart. al. be.
  • Warwick, c. Warwick, Aglionby. Warwick Hall, the seat of R. Warwick, Esq. a good building; a fine bridge over the Eden. c. w.
  • Wetheral, c. Cumwhinton and Coat-Hill, Scotby, Wetheral, Warwick-Bridge, Corby-Lordship. Here was a priory of Benedictine monks, part of the building is still standing; the cells cut out of the rocks, Corby Castle, and the walks are well worth visiting; a cotton mill at Langthwaite, and a weaving manufactory at Great Corby. - On the north aile of the church at Wetheral was the old family vault of the Howards', rebuilt some years ago by Henry Howard, Esq. who erected over it a Gothic mausoleum of good taste; in this, is a monument to the memory of the late Mrs. Howard, a very highly finished piece of sculpture by Nollekens. c. w.
  • Walton, c. Walton-High, Walton-Low. W. P. Johnson, Esq. has a fine mansion-house here, built on the site of a roman station, where a number of antiquities have been found. e. w.
  • Wigton, v. Oulton, Wigton, (a neat market-town) Woodside, Waverton-High, Waverton-Low. c. w.
  • Whitehaven, has three chapels or churches, viz. St. Nicholas, St. James, and Trinity, (under St. Bees), al. ab.
  • Wythburn, ch. under Crosthwaite. al. ab.
  • Workington, r. Workington, (a sea-port and market-town) Great and Little Clifton, a chapelry in this parish. al. ab.

Jollie's Cumberland Guide & Directory 1811

 

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19 June 2015

Steve Bulman