||CHAP. VIII. A LIST OF ALL THE PARISHES, CHAPELRIES,
TOWNSHIPS, VILLAGES, GENTLEMEN'S SEATS, MINES, MINERALS, &c. IN THE COUNTY.
R. stands for rectory, v. vicarage, c. curacy, ch.
chapelry, c.w. Cumberland Ward, l. w. Leath-ward, al. ab. Allerdale-above-Derwent, al. be.
Allerdale-below-Derwent, e. w. Eskdale-ward. - The names in italics are constablewicks.
- Addingham, v. Glassonby, Gamblesby, Hunsanby,
Winscales, Little Salkeld. At the latter place is a Druid's monument. l.w.
- Ainstable, v. Ainstable and Shicklopt,
Nunnery and a part of Armathwaite. At both places fine scenery. l.w.
- Alston, r. Alston-moor, Garrigill, c. Lead ore
and coal. l.w.
- Arlecdon, r. Arlecdon and Trissington,
united. Freestone, iron ore, coal, and lime. al. ab.
- Allhallows, v. Allhallows, Hemanby, Whitehall,
Harby-brow, and Bagra. Freestone, al. be.
- Allonby, ch. in Bromfield parish. al. be.
- Aspatria, v. Aspatria, Hayton, Allarby, and Outerside;
(the last three one constablewick) Outerby, Alwardby, Brayton. al. ab.
- Arthuret, r. Brackenhill, Lineside, Longtown, Netherby.
- Aikton, r. Gamblesby, Biglands, Wigganby, Aikton,
Wampool, Thornby, Laiths, Drumlening, Whitrigg-lees. c. w.
- Bees St. r. St. Nicholas, St. James, and Trinity, (three
chapels in Whitehaven) Eskdale, Wastdale, and Ennerdale, are also chapelries, Whillimoor,
Hensingham, Ratington, and Netherwasdale, are townships. A great many gentlemen's seats
are in this parish. Coal. al. ab.
- Bassenthwaite, c. Highside and Lowside,
two constablewicks. Armathwaite, the seat of Sir F. F. Vane, Mirehouse the seat of John
Spedding, Esq. al. be.
- Bewcastle, r. Bailey, Bell-bank, Bewcastle,
and Nixons. A Runic monument. c. w.
- Beaumont, c. Beaumont, Monk-hill, Sandsfield or Port
Carlisle. c. w.
- Borrowdale, ch. under Crosthwaite. Black lead mines. al.
- Bowness, r. Bowness, Drumburgh, Fingland,
Glassonby, Easton. Roman wall ends here. c. w.
- Bridekirk, v. Bridekirk, Tallentire, Broughton, Great
Broughton, Little Dovenby, Papcastle, Ribton. Very ancient fount in the church. al.
- Bolton, v. Bolton-high-side, Bolton Wood,
Bolton-row, Weary-hall, Newlands, White-hall. Coal and lime. al. be.
- Bromfield, v. Allonby, (a chapelry) Longrigg,
Mealrigg, Westnewton, Blencogo, Dundraw, Crookdake, Scales, Wheyrigg, Moor-row,
Kelsick. al. be.
- Brigham, v. has five chapelries, Egglesfield,
Blindbothel, Brackenthwaite, Greysouthen, Whinfield. Coal, lime, and freestone. al.
- Buttermere, ch. under Brigham. Slate quarries. al. ab.
- Brampton, v. Brampton, Easby, Naworth. Roman
inscription on Gelt rock. e.w.
- Bootle, r. Bootle, a small weekly market. Formerly a
nunnery at Seaton. al. ab.
- Bride St. c. Bride and St. John's,
(united) Calder and Beckermont, Calder Lordship. Freestone but
no coal or lime. al. ab.
- Burgh, v. Burgh-head, Longburgh, West-end,
Boustead-hill, Moor-house. King Edward's monument, Roman wall runs through this
parish. Dykesfield, Shield, Thrustonfield, Wormanby, and Old Sandsfield, which is only a
single house. c. w.
- Caldbeck, r. Caldbeck-high, Caldbeck-low, Haltcliff,
Hesket-new-Market, (a small market-town). Carrock-Fell,and the Howk, worth seeing: copper
ore, coals, and lime. al. be.
- Cammerton, c. Seaton, Cammerton, Flimby, (a
chapelry in this parish). Coal and freestone. al. be.
- Cross-Canonby, c. Canonby, Crosby, Nether-hall
and Birkby, (Maryport, a market-town and sea-port, where is also a chapel.) Coals
and freestone; a Roman station; at Netherhall, Mr. Senhouse has a valuable collection of
antiquities. al. be.
- Cleator, c. Cleator. An iron forge is here, and
another at Wath: coal and iron ore. al. ab.
- Corney, r. Corney, Birkby and Wyberthwaite,
(one constablewick.) Barnscar; antiquities and Druidical remains. al. ab.
- Clifton, Great and Little, ch. under Workington. al. ab.
- Cockermouth, ch. under Brigham; a borough and market town;
the buildings good. al. ab.
- Crosthwaite, v. Keswick, Underskiddaw, St. John's,
and Wythburn. It has five chapelries which are noticed in this list. al. be.
- Castle-Sowerby, v. Howbound, Southernby, Rowbound,
Bustubeck, Stocklewath. At Raughtonhead there is a chapel; freestone and lime. l. w.
- Castle-Carrock, r. Castle-Carrock-outside,
Castle-Carrock-Town. Hespeck-raise cairn - admirable prospect; lime-stone. e. w.
- Croglin, r. Croglin and Newbiggin. Coal,
lime, and marble. l. w.
- Cuthbert St. c. (see Carlisle). c. w.
- Crosby, v. Brunstock, Crosby-high, Crosby-low, Walby.
Freestone. c. w.
- Cumrew, c. Cumrew-Town, Cumrew-outside.
Cardunneth-cairn worth seeing.
- Cumwhitton, c. Cumwhitton, Norsceugh, Murthwaite.
- Dacre, v. Dacre and Soulby, Great Blencowe,
Great Stainton, Newbiggin. Dacre Castle; Dalemain, the seat of Mr. Hasell. l. w.
- Dearham, v. Dearham, Ellenborough and Unerigg.
Unerigg-hall, the ancient mansion of family of Christian. Coal. al. be.
- Dissington, r. Dissington. Coal, lime, and
freestone. al. ab.
- Dean, r. Dean and Ullock, Pardshaw, Dean
Scales, Braithwaite. Coal, lime, freestone, iron ore, and fire clay. al. ab.
- Drigg, c. Drigg and Carleton. A
medicinal salt spring. al. ab.
- Dalston, v. Dalston, Buckabank, Hawksdale, Ivegill,
Cumdivack, Raughton, Gatesgill. At High-head is a chapel and ancient castle; Rose
Castle, the Bishop's seat; Shawk quarries and Roman inscription; Dalston Hall. c. w.
- Denton, r. Nether-Denton and Upper-Denton,
(united in one parish) each a constablewick, Chapel Burn, Dixon-Clugh-head, Birkhurst,
Denton-mill. Lime and freestone. e. w.
- Egremont, r. Egremont, (a neat little
market-town) Lordship of Egremont. An ancient castle; lime and freestone. al. ab.
- Edenhall, c. Edenhall. Giant's cave. l. w.
- Ennerdale, ch. Ennerdale, (under St. Bees)
Kinniside. Lead ore, slates. al. ab.
- Embleton, ch. Embleton, (under St. Bees). al. ab.
- Esdale, ch. Esdale and Wasdale, (united
under St. Bees). al. ab.
- Farlam, v. Farlam East, Farlam West, Farlam Hall,
Kirkhouse, Milton. e. w.
- Flimby, ch. Flimby, (under Cammerton). al. be.
- Gosforth, r. Gosforth, Bolton, Seascales.
Freestone. al. ab.
- Gilcrux, v. Gilcrux. Coal, lime, and freestone; a
medicinal salt spring. al. be.
- Greystoke, r. Berrier and Murray, Little Blencowe,
Greystoke, Hutton and Penruddock, Hutton-John, Hutton-Roof, Johnby, Matterdale* and
Wasthwaite, Motherby and Gill, Mungrisdale*, Watermillock*, Threlkeld*. l.w.
- (*) Those marked thus are chapelries within Greystoke.
- Grinsdale, c. Grinsdale. c. w.
- Harrington, r. Harrington, (a sea port). Coal,
iron ore, and fire clay. al. ab.
- Holm Cultram, v. Holm Low, Holm Abbey, Holm St.
Cuthbert, Holm East Waver. In this parish was an abbey of Cistercians, part of the
ruins remain; Wulstey castle, of great antiquity; Skinburness. al. be.
- Hale, c. Hale. Freestone and lime. al. ab.
- Hesket, c. Hesket-Upper, Hesket-Nether, Plumpton,
Nunclose, Peteril Crooks. Armathwaite castle; Tarn Wadeline. l. w.
- Hutton, r. Hutton, Thomas Close. Sir F. F. Vane,
Bart. has a seat at Hutton. l. w.
- Hayton, c. Corby-Little, Fenton, Hayton, Talkin,
Faugh, How, Netherton, Helbeck, Heads-Nook. Coals, slate, and freestone. e. w.
- Ireby, c. Ireby-High, Ireby-Low. Freestone and
lime. al. ab.
- Irton, c. Irton and Santon, (united)
Holme Rook, Irton Hall. al. ab.
- John's St. ch. under Crosthwaite. al. ab.
- Isel, v. Isel-High, Isel-Low, Blindcrake, Old Park.
The ancient seat of the Lawsons. al. be.
- Irthington, v. Irthington, Laversdale, Newby, Newtown.
- Kirkland, v. Kirkland and Blencairne,
Skirwith, Cugaith, ch. l. w.
- Kirkoswald, v. Kirkoswald, Staffold. Old Castle;
Mr. Featherstonehaugh has a seat here; a paper mill; freestone and marble. l. w.
- Kirkandrews-Upon-Esk, r. Moat, Middle-Nether,
Nichol-forest, ch. Freestone at Glener, burne; buildings good. e. w.
- Kirkbampton, r. Kirkbampton, Little Bampton, Oughterby.
- Kirkbride, r. Kirkbride. c. w.
- Kirklinton, v. Hethersgill, Kirklinton-Middle, Westlinton.
Several freestone quarries. e. w.
- Lorton, r. Lorton, part of Brigham, and
under it is Wythop, Buttermere, and Brackenthwaite. al. ab.
- Lamplugh, r. Lamplugh, Kelton, Murton, Salter,
(extra parochial). Freestone and lime. al. ab.
- Langwathby, c. Langwathby. l. w.
- Lazonby, v. Lazonby, Plumpton-wall, (a chapelry).
- Lowswater, v. Lowswater, (under St. Bees). al.
- Lanercost, c. Askerton, Banks, Burtholme, Kingwater,
Waterhead, Moorguards, De Soglin, Wasthall, Kirkcambeck, (formerly a parish). Priory;
Gilsland spa, and Birdoswald worth seeing. e. w.
- Matterdale, ch. under Greystoke. l. w.
- Mungrisdale, ch. under Greystoke. l. w.
- Moresby, r. Moresby and Parton, one
constablewick. A Roman station; coal and lime. al. ab.
- Muncaster, c. Muncaster and Birkby,
(joined) Ravenglass, (a market-town and sea-port). Muncaster House, the seat of Lord
Muncaster, has a fine appearance and prospect; antiquities found in this neighbourhood.
- Millum, v. Millum, Ulpha and Thwaites,
(two chapelries under Millum). Millum castle, very ancient; Druidical temple. al. ab.
- St. Mary's, c. (see Carlisle). c. w.
- Melmerby, r. Melmerby, Mr. Pattinson has a good
mansion house here. l. w.
- Mosser, ch. Mosser, (under Brigham). al. ab.
- Newton, c. Newton, Catterlan, (they maintain
their respective poor separately). Freestone. l. w.
- Newlands, ch. Newlands, (under Crosthwaite). al.
- Nichol-Forest, ch. Nichol-forest, (under
Kirkandrews-upon-Esk) Penton-Lin, on the Liddel, a great natural curiosity. e. w.
- Ousby, r. Ousby. Lead mines at Bulman hills. l.
- Orton, r. Orton, Baldwinholm, Little Orton,
Woodhouses. Trials for coal have been made here without success. c. w.
- Ponsonby, c. Ponsonby and Newton, (one
constablewick) Calder. Ponsonby Hall is the seat of Mr. Stanley, who has much
improved this parish; fine freestone. al. ab.
- Plumbland, r. Plumbland, Blennerhassett, Bothel, and
Threepland: Warthole, Parsonby and Arcleby, are manors. Coal, lime, and freestone.
- Penrith, r. Burowgate, Dockray, Carleton, Netherend
and Bridge, Middlegate and Sandgate, Townhead, Plumptonhead. l. w.
- Renwick, c. Renwick. Coals and lime. l. w.
- Rockcliff, c. Church-Town, Castle-town,
Blackrigg, Hill, Harker, Crooke-Dykes, Red-hill, Rockcliff-Cross, Wetheral, Garistown and
Floristown. c. w.
- Skelton, r. Skelton, Lamonby, Unthank. Remains of
several ancient seats and other antiquities; freestone and lime. l. w.
- Setmurthy, ch. Setmurthy, (under Brigham). Copper
ore and slates. al. ab.
- Salkeld, r. Salkeld Great. Many remains of
fortified places and a mineral spring. l. w.
- Stanwix, v. Etterby, Linstock, Stanwix, Houghton,
Rickerby, Tarraby, Cargo, Stainton. - N.B. The hamlet of King-Moor
(extra-parochial) adjoins this parish. c. w.
- Scaleby, r. Scaleby-East, Scaleby-West. The
castle of Scaleby is very ancient, and has been in the possession of many noble
proprietors. c. w.
- Sebergham, c. Sebergham-High, Sebergham-Low,
Welton, Newlands, Warnell and Hart-Rigg. Coal and lime. c. w.
- Stapleton, r. Stapleton, Bellbank, Solport, Trough.
- Thornthwaite, ch. under Crosthwaite. al. ab.
- Thwaites, ch. and Chapel-Sucken, one
constablewick, (under Millum). al. ab.
- Threlkeld, ch. under Greystoke. l. w.
- Torpenhow, v. Torpenhow, Bewaldeth, Whitrigg, Kirkland,
Guards, Threepland, Bothel, Snittlegarth. Lime and freestone. al. ab.
- Thursby, v. Thursby, Moor-End, Eveninghill, Howend,
Woodhouse, Nealhouse and Nealhouse-hid, Crofton and Whinnow, Parton and
Micklethwaite, Winns-hill and Newlands. Crofton Place is the seat of Sir
Wastel Brisco, Bart. c. w.
- Ulpha, ch. under Millum. al. ab.
- Uldale, r. Uldale, Auhertree, Above-Ouse,
Longlands, Orthwaite. Lime, freestone, and coal, the latter is not wrought. al. be.
- Wythorp, c. under Brigham. al. ab.
- Whicham, r. } united in one constablewick.
- Whitbeck, r. } Many Druidical temples and other
antiquities in this district. al. ab.
- Wyberthwaite, r. Wyberthwaite; Stainton, a
Lordship adjoining, is extra-parochial, and joins Millum in support of the poor. al. ab.
- Wasdale, ch. under St. Bees. al. ab.
- Westward, c. Rosley and Curthwaite, Woodside,
Stoneraise, Brockelbank, Islekirk. Clea Hall, the seat of Sir H. Fletcher, Bart. al.
- Warwick, c. Warwick, Aglionby. Warwick Hall, the
seat of R. Warwick, Esq. a good building; a fine bridge over the Eden. c. w.
- Wetheral, c. Cumwhinton and Coat-Hill,
Scotby, Wetheral, Warwick-Bridge, Corby-Lordship. Here was a priory of Benedictine
monks, part of the building is still standing; the cells cut out of the rocks, Corby
Castle, and the walks are well worth visiting; a cotton mill at Langthwaite, and a weaving
manufactory at Great Corby. - On the north aile of the church at Wetheral was the old
family vault of the Howards', rebuilt some years ago by Henry Howard, Esq. who erected
over it a Gothic mausoleum of good taste; in this, is a monument to the memory of the late
Mrs. Howard, a very highly finished piece of sculpture by Nollekens. c. w.
- Walton, c. Walton-High, Walton-Low. W. P.
Johnson, Esq. has a fine mansion-house here, built on the site of a roman station, where a
number of antiquities have been found. e. w.
- Wigton, v. Oulton, Wigton, (a neat market-town) Woodside,
Waverton-High, Waverton-Low. c. w.
- Whitehaven, has three chapels or churches, viz. St.
Nicholas, St. James, and Trinity, (under St. Bees), al. ab.
- Wythburn, ch. under Crosthwaite. al. ab.
- Workington, r. Workington, (a sea-port and
market-town) Great and Little Clifton, a chapelry in this parish. al.
Jollie's Cumberland Guide & Directory 1811