Warwick Parish

  > Is about two miles in length and 1 in breadth, bounded on the south by Botcherby, Scotby, and Warwick Bridge; on the east by Hayton, and on the north and west by the rivers Eden and Irthing. The soil is all fertile, generally consisting of sand or loam, and the principal land owners are Wm. Parker, Mrs. Parker, Messrs. John Jackson, and James Todhunter. It contains 1846A. 2R. 18P. rated at 2304 and consists of the two townships of Aglionby and Warwick, which in 1841 contained 664 souls.
 

Warwick1 village is very pleasantly situated on the west bank of the river Eden, four miles east of Carlisle. A fine stone bridge of three arches crosses the Eden here near the foot of an eminence, upon which are the remains of large breast works of earth, supposed to have been raised to guard the pass during the incursions of the Scottish moss troopers. The church, which is dedicated to St. Leonard, is "remarkable for its tribune or rounded east end, with thirteen narrow niches, 10 feet 8 inches high, and 17 inches broad, reaching almost to the ground," and having arched tops and two or three small windows. The edifice is still 70 feet long, but once extended upwards of 21 feet west, there being still at that end a good rounded arch, now filled up, and the whole is built of excellent stone. It was a rectory, and was given by Ranulph de Meschines to the Abbey of St. Mary, York, but was granted after the dissolution of the religious houses by Henry VIII to the dean and chapter of Carlisle, who united the benefice to that of Wetheral, and having since continued to appoint a curate to the joint livings. Duty is at present performed both here and at Wetheral, every Sunday morning and afternoon, alternately.
 

Warwick has evidently been occupied by the Romans and Saxons; the latter called it Warrick-wick, and the Normans, Warthwick. "The manor of Warwick was given by Hubert de Vallibus to Odard, the first lord of Corby, as a dependant manor of the barony of Gilsland. Odard had two sons, Osbart, who had Corby, and William, whose second son Robert afterwards inherited Corby, as his eldest son John did Warwick, where his descendants resided till 1772, when Francis Warwick, Esq., died without issue, and was succeeded by his only surviving sister and heiress, Anne Warwick, after whose disease the manor passed to Ralph Maddison, Esq. of Gateshead, near Newcastle, who died without issue in 1778, when John Maddison entered into possession, and also died without issue in 1784, when the manor became the property of Robert Bonner, Esquire, who, in 1792, by his majesty's royal licence, took the name of Warwick only. There are now only four customary tenants in this manor, who pay a twenty penny fine upon the death of the lord, or change of tenant, and a heriot upon the death of each tenant. Warwick Hall is a pleasant mansion, near the Eden, a little below Warwick Bridge, shielded on the N. and W. by thriving plantations, and commanding a beautiful and extensive prospect towards the south and east. It was built in 1828, by Thos. Parker, Esq. and is now the seat and property of his relict, Mrs. Mary Parker. Mr. Parker bequeathed 1000 towards the establishment of the County Infirmary, 500 each to Manchester Infirmary, the Stockton Dispensary, the Bible Society, and the Wesleyan Missionary Society, making in all no less than 3000 for charitable and religious purposes. He built two day schools, one for boys and one for girls, in this village, and also a Sunday School, which is now used as a chapel by the Wesleyans.
 

Aglionby is a hamlet and township three miles east of Carlisle. Hutchinson says "the manor of Aglionby belonged to the late Chrstpr. Aglionby Esq. of Nunnery, and now (1795) to his sisters, and derives its name from Augullon, the ancestor of that family, who came to England with the Conqueror, and seated himself there." Henry Aglionby, Esq. is now its lord, to whom the customary tenants pay a yearly rent of 7 6s. 9d., arbitrary fines and heriots. The township contains only 559A. 2R. 18P., and its population in 1831 was 107 souls.
 

 

Mannix & Whellan, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cumberland, 1847

 

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Notes

1. Warwick is pronounced Worrick

Photo Steve Bulman.


19 June 2015

Steve Bulman