The Worthies of Cumberland and Westmorland
 

  > The following is a "List of eminent men, natives of the county of Cumberland, or who have been nearly connected with it," and also includes figures of notoriety. Commentary from myself is in square brackets. Source indicated by (J) - Jollies Cumberland Guide & Directory 1811, (MW) - Mannix & Whellan, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cumberland, 1847, (M) - Mannix & Co., History, Topography and Directory of Westmorland, 1851, (B) - T. Bulmer, History, Topography, and Directory of Cumberland, 1901. Other entries are Steve Bulman, unless indicated otherwise. There are frequent references to "the city", or similar; in every case this refers to Carlisle.

Addison - Armstrong, Bacon - Burn, Calvin - Dykes, Egglesfield - Grindal, Hall - Irton, Jackson - Lowther, Marlowe - Potter, Ray - Routh, Salkeld - Swift, Taylor - Troughton, Vipont - Wordsworth


 

Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley (1882 - 1944). Astrophysicist, born Kendal. Involved in the development of the theories of stellar structure, and populariser of astronomy. Link.

Egglesfield, Robert, sprang from a family in this county. In the 14th Edward III he granted all his lands to Queen's College, Oxford, for the purpose of educating scholars from Cumberland and Westmorland. Of this unparalleled benefactor little now is known: the very name is, so far as we can learn, extinct. He was, however, a zealous friend to virtue and learning. (J)
[Jo Egglesfield (personal communication) has advised that the Egglesfield name, though very uncommon nowadays, is far from extinct. She knows of the name in London, Australia, and the USA.].

Ellis, Clement, 1633 - 1700. Born at Rose Castle, where his father was steward to the Bishop of Carlisle, Clement became a clergyman, and wrote on religious matters. Link.

Fallows, Rev. Fearon, was born at Cockermouth, in the year 1788. His father was a hand-loom weaver, at which trade young Fallows worked until his twentieth year. His extraordinary mathematical abilities displayed themselves very early in life, and even at the age of five years he astonished his father by his powers of calculation. He held for a time the mastership of Plumbland School, but a sum of money having been subscribed by the clergy and gentry of the neighbourhood to enable him to matriculate, he proceeded to St. John's College, Cambridge, where he had for his fellow students Lord Palmerston, Sir John Herschell, and Professor Playfair. He quitted college with his M.A. degree, and soon after received the appointment of Astronomer Royal at the Cape of Good Hope, where he died at the early age of 43 years. (B)

Farrer, William, lived at Redgill, near Orton in Westmorland. He was an eminent surgeon, and astrologer, and died in 1756. (M)

Fell, Sheila, artist, born in Aspatria in 1931, and became a Royal Academician in 1974. Died 1979.

Figgis, Michael "Mike" - Carlisle-born film director. Link.

Fletcher, Abraham - see Bridekirk parish.

Flintoft, Joseph - see Crosthwaite parish.

Forster, Margaret - Carlisle-born author, wife of Hunter Davies (q.v.). A writer of fiction and non-fiction, she is perhaps best known for fiction for Georgy Girl, and in non-fiction for biographies. Link.

Forster, William, an eminent violin maker, was born here [Brampton] in 1739. He was by trade a spinning wheel maker (spinning was then a domestic employment followed in almost every household), but occupied his leisure time in making and repairing violins, and musical instruments generally. He removed to London in 1759, and after working some time as a musical instrument seller, he commenced business on his own account as a violin maker, in which he attained to very considerable eminence. He died in 1808. (B)

Fox, William, - born Cumberland [can you advise where?] in 1813. A vicar of Brighstone on the Isle of Wight, he devoted himself to paleontological studies, and has several species of dinosaur named after him. Died 1881. Link.

Frost, Sarah Frances, - American Shakespearean actress and producer, described as born near Keswick, or born at Caldbeck, in 1866. Her stage name was Julia Marlowe. Died New York, 1950.

Gaskin, John and Thomas, [of Penrith], father and son, the former originally a weaver, and subsequently a shoemaker, became proficient in mathematics, astronomy, and natural philosophy. For Sir James South he made a powerful reflecting telescope, which was long used in the observatory at Kensington. The son, who was second wrangler at Cambridge in 1831, was the author of several valuable papers connected with mathematics. (B), quoting Whellan.

Gibson, Edmund, D.D., a native of Knipe, in Bampton parish, was nephew of Thomas Gibson (see below); he rose through the ranks of the church to become Bishop of London. See Bampton parish. (M)

Gibson, Thomas, M.D., who married the daughter of Richard Cromwell, son of the Protector Oliver Cromwell, was born at Knipe, in Bampton parish, in Westmorland. He was physician-general to the army, and author of "A System of Anatomy." (M)

Gilpin, Bernard, also known as the Apostle of the North - see Miss Gilpin of Scaleby Castle.

Gilpin, Catherine, see Miss Gilpin of Scaleby Castle.

Gilpin, John Bernard, proprietor of Scaleby castle, a man exceedingly beloved and respected. He had at one time been a captain in the army; and having acquired the art of drawing while in Germany, produced many respectable pictures. (J)

Gilpin, Richard, see Miss Gilpin of Scaleby Castle.

Gilpin, Rev. William, son of the last mentioned, was born at Scaleby, and was vicar of Boldre, in Hampshire, and prebendary of Salisbury. He published the lives of Bernard Gilpin, (his ancestor), Cranmer, Latimer, Wickliffe, and other reformers; also Commentaries on the Scriptures and Church Catechism, a Tour of the Lakes, &c. besides other works. Died in 1804, aged 80. (J). See also Miss Gilpin of Scaleby Castle.

Gilpin, Sawrey, brother of the above, a much esteemed painter, especially of animals. He was a member of the Royal Academy, and died in 1805. (J). See also Miss Gilpin of Scaleby Castle.

Goodman, Richard, a learned antiquary, was keeper of Carlisle Castle, in 1728. (MW)

Graham family - see Arthuret parish.

Graham, Charles, a mechanic [of Penrith], published in 1778, "Miscellaneous Pieces in Prose and Verse," some of which are in the Cumberland dialect. (B)

Graham, George, - see Kirklinton parish, and the 1901 parish description.

Graham, Major-General Sir Gerald, K.C.B., V.C., who commanded the Second Brigade in the army of Lord Wolseley in Egypt, and at the battle of Teb, was born in 1831, and is a son of the late Dr. R. H. Graham, M.D., of Eden Brows in this [Wetheral] township. He was educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, entered the Royal Engineers in 1850, and became Captain in 1858, Major in 1859, Lieutenant-Colonel in 1861, Colonel in 1869, and Major-General in 1881. He was in the Crimean war, at Alma and Inkerman, and at the assault on the Redan; was twice wounded, and twice mentioned in despatches; was employed in destroying the docks at Sebastopol, and received the Victoria Cross, with all the medals and decorations for that campaign. In the Chinese war of 1860, he was at the attack of the Taku Forts and at the surrender of Pekin, was again severely wounded, and mentioned in despatches. At home, during several years, he has been Assistant-Director of Works for Barracks. He received the thanks of Parliament for his services in command of a brigade in the Egyptian campaign, and was made a Knight of the Bath, having been nominated C.B. in 1868. In this war he sustained an important position in the front, and bore the brunt of the fighting. At Kassasin, with 1700 men and three guns he repulsed an attack of 10,000, with fifteen guns, "showing the highest qualities of a General - caution, firmness, patience, pluck, and determination." (B)

Green, William, - see Crosthwaite parish.

Grindal, Edmund, Archbishop of Canterbury, - see St. Bees parish. Jollie says "He was a contributor to Fox's Acts and Monuments."

 

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19 June 2015

Steve Bulman