The Worthies of Cumberland and Westmorland

  > The following is a "List of eminent men, natives of the county of Cumberland, or who have been nearly connected with it," and also includes figures of notoriety. Commentary from myself is in square brackets. Source indicated by (J) - Jollies Cumberland Guide & Directory 1811, (MW) - Mannix & Whellan, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cumberland, 1847, (M) - Mannix & Co., History, Topography and Directory of Westmorland, 1851, (B) - T. Bulmer, History, Topography, and Directory of Cumberland, 1901. Other entries are Steve Bulman, unless indicated otherwise. There are frequent references to "the city", or similar; in every case this refers to Carlisle.

Addison - Armstrong, Bacon - Burn, Calvin - Dykes, Egglesfield - Grindal, Hall - Irton, Jackson - Lowther, Marlowe - Potter, Ray - Routh, Salkeld - Swift, Taylor - Troughton, Vipont - Wordsworth

Calvin, Ann, daughter of a painter, was born at Penrith, in 1747. She excelled as a painter of flowers and plants. (B)

Carleton, Dr. George, of Carleton Hall. He was educated under the celebrated Bernard Gilpin, and esteemed a good divine, philosopher, orator, and poet. His writings are exceedingly voluminous. Died in 1628. (J) [see also Penrith parish.]

Carlton, Dr. Guy, Bishop of Bristol, and afterwards of Chichester, was a native of this [Brampton] parish. He suffered much for his loyalty, previous to the restoration, and died in 1685. (B)

Carlile, Robert, a native and resident of this city. This artist excels in drawing antiquities and copying: his drawings of the cathedral of Carlisle and other antiquities are specimens of his abilities this way, and do him credit, as they gained him the silver medal from the Society for the encouragement of Arts, &c. Mr. Carlile has also a good poetical turn - painting and poetry are indeed twin sisters. (J)

Carlyle, Rev. J. D., Professor of Arabic in the University of Cambridge, a native of this city. He was collated to the chancellorship of Carlisle in 1795. In 1799 he accompanied Lord Elgin to Turkey, as a literary character, and travelled over all the Turkish provinces, Greece, Egypt, Syria, the Holy Land, &c. &c. He was the author of Prose and Poetical Translations from the Arabic, and Descriptive Poems suggested by the places he had visited on his travels; which have been much admired. Died 1804. (J)

Carrick, Mr., the present eminent miniature portrait painter, and originator of painting on marble, was born near this city. He commenced his career here as a druggist, and may be considered a self-taught artist. (MW)

Chambers, William, - see Whitehaven.

Christian, Fletcher, famed for his part in the Mutiny on the Bounty - see Eaglesfield parish. (B)

Clark, Ewan, of Wigton, has published two volumes of Poems, several of them in the Cumberland dialect, of considerable merit. (J) [see also Wigton parish.]

Clark, James, author of "A Survey and Description of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire," a volume now scarce and highly prized, was for many years an innkeeper at Penrith. (B)

Close, William, biographer of the Rev. Thomas West - see Dalton parish.

Collin, Joseph Henry. Adopted son of Carlisle, where he grew up, though born in Jarrow, Collin was awarded the V.C. in WW1. Link1. Link2.

Cooper, Rev. Myles, was born at Bootle, and educated at the grammar schools of Carlisle and Wigton. In 1761 he published a volume of Poems; but they were not much esteemed. (J)

Court, Salathiel, - see Bridekirk parish. [This character was transported to America, where he may have died. Information on his fate would be most welcome.]

Cranke, James, - artist, a native of Urswick. See Urswick parish.

Crosthwaite, Peter, - see Crosthwaite parish.

Curwen, J.C. Esq., of Workington Hall, whose praiseworthy endeavours to improve the agricultural system of the county has been indefatigable, and attended with much success. Mr. Curwen some years ago established an Agricultural Society at Workington, and has published several valuable Reports, Hints for improving the Condition of the Poor, &c. (J). See also the 1901 parish description.

Curwen family, - see Workington parish, and the 1901 parish description.

Dalton, John, D.D., an eminent divine and admired poet, was born at Dean Vicarage, where his father was rector, in 1709. He was educated at Queen's College, Oxford. After completing his college course, he became tutor to Lord Beauchamp. In 1750 he adapted to the stage Milton's admirable "Mask of Comus." The piece was put upon the boards of Drury Lane, and was a great success. During its run he sought out a grand-daughter of Milton, a widow in reduced circumstances, and procured a benefit for her which is said to have produced upwards of 120. A prologue was written for the occasion by Dr. Johnson, which was spoken by Garrick. He afterwards obtained a prebendal stall in Worcester Cathedral, and died in 1763. (B) [see also Dean parish.]

Dalton, John, was born at Eaglesfield: his parents were in low circumstances. He received the first part of his education at the school in the neighbourhood. He taught a school at his native place, but soon removed to Kendal, where he published his meteorological observations and essays. Afterwards he removed to Manchester; and is now appointed mathematical tutor for the Education Society at that place. (J) [Dalton's eventual contributions to various branches of science were considerable. A more detailed biographical sketch, from the perspective of his brother, can be found here.]

Davies, Edward (Ted) - steelworker and politician. A short biography by his grandson Brian Davies.

Davies, Hunter - although born a Scot, he spent most of his younger years in Carlisle. A writer of fiction and non-fiction, he married the author Margaret Forster (q.v.). Link.

Denton, Rev. Thomas, born at Sebergham in 1724, of a respectable family; he was educated under Mr. Relph [see below]. A number of Poems, which were well received, have been published by him. He edited the supplementary volume to the last edition of the Biographical Dictionary. (J) [see also Sebergham parish.]

Denton, Mr., of Cardew, about the middle of the sixteenth century, wrote a description of the county, with great care and judgement. It chiefly treats of pedigrees, conveyance of estates and manors, &c., and occasionally notices other subjects of a more general nature. Mr. Gilpin, of Scaleby, continued it down to his own time; and it was afterwards enlarged by Mr. Milburn, of Armathwaite; and these MSS were incorporated into the History of Cumberland. Mr. Denton possessed considerable property in the county; and we have heard, that in consequence of a dispute with the Bishop of the see, he was committed to the tower, where he compiled his valuable MS. (J) [The Tower of London is probably meant here.]

Derwentwater and Radcliffe families - see Crosthwaite parish.

Dixon, George, a native of Kirkoswald, who made a voyage round the world, and visited several unknown parts to the N.W. of America in the years 1785-8, in the [reign of] King George and Queen Charlotte; an account of which he published in 1789 in quarto, with charts - chiefly of new discoveries. He died about two years afterwards. (J)

Dixon, Joshua, M.D., of Whitehaven, a skilful physician. He has published a Life of Dr. Brownrigg, with an appendix on Fevers, &c. (J) [see also Whitehaven]

Douglas, John, D.D., is a man well known in the literary world, and succeeded to the bishoprick of Carlisle in 1787, and was afterwards translated to Salisbury. (J)

Dunmail, King of Strathclyde, killed in battle and reputedly buried beneath a pile of stones, now called Dunmail Raise. According to legend, his crown was thrown into Grisedale Tarn. Link.

Dykes family - This family appears to have been at an early period located near the Great Roman Wall, or Dyke, which crossed the country from the mouth of the Tyne to the Solway Firth; and from this circumstance they were named Del Dykes, and their abode was called Dykesfield. They are said to have been seated here before the Norman Conquest. A branch of the family at an early period removed into Sussex, and another was settled in Kent. The earliest portion of the line is lost in the mists of antiquity. A charter without date, but supposed to be of the time of Henry III or Edward II notifies the fact that Robert Del Dykes conveyed some land which he possessed at Burgh, to one William del Monkys. The first name on the unbroken genealogical roll is that of William del Dykes, who lived about the time of Edward I. This family name descended through the six succeeding generations. William del Dykes, the sixth of the name, represented the county in Parliament, in the reign of Henry IV. He received the manor and lands at Wardhall (still in the family) from one Robert Whitehede. He married Elizabeth, daughter of William de Leigh, of Isel, who claimed her descent from Emma, sister to William the Conqueror, and Harlowen de Conteville, or de Burgo, who could trace his pedigree in the direct male line to Charles, Duke of Ingleheim, fifth son of Charlemagne. He was succeeded by his son, William Dykes, of Wardhall, who married Christiana, daughter of Sir Richard Salkeld, of Corby. Thomas Dykes, of Wardhall, his son, lived in the reign of Henry VII, and married Isabel, only child and heiress of John Pennington, Esq., of Muncaster Castle, son and heir of Sir John Pennington. His son, Leonard Dykes, succeeded, and had by his wife, a daughter of John Layton, Esq., of Dalemayne, [presumably Dalemain] a son, Thomas, who succeeded him, and was escheator of Westmorland, in the time of Queen Elizabeth. His wife was Jane, daughter of Lancelot Lancaster, Esq., of Sockbridge, who was descended from Ivo de Tailbois, first baron of Kendal, and uncle of Geoffrey Plantagenet, father of Henry II. Leonard Dykes married Elizabeth Ann, heiress of Thomas Radcliffe, Esq., of Mayland and Bishopton, in Durham, for which he was arraigned for treason, she being at the time a minor and a ward in Chancery. He received a pardon, under the great seal, which is still preserved among the family papers. He was sheriff of Cumberland, and held the office of treasurer to the king's forces for the county. He married a second time Margaret, daughter and co-heir of John Frecheville, of Staveley. His son, Thomas, by the first wife, succeeded. He was a devoted Royalist. He married Joyce Frecheville, daughter and co-heir of John Frecheville. This lady was descended in a direct line from the Conqueror. His second wife was Jane, daughter of Ralph de la Vale, Esq. Leonard Dykes succeeded his father, in the reign of Charles II, and married Grace, daughter of John Salkeld, of Threapland, who also traced her descent from the Conqueror. He was twice sheriff of the county, and rebuilt his mansion with an ornamental stone front, designed by Inigo Jones, architect of St. Paul's Cathedral, London. [This is wrong - St. Paul's was designed by Sir Christopher Wren]. Frecheville Dykes, his son and heir, married, in 1697, Jane, sister of Gilfrid Lawson, and was succeeded in the estates by his son, Leonard Dykes, who married, in 1728, Susannah, only surviving child of the Rev. Thomas Capstack, vicar of Newburn. Their eldest son, Frecheville Dykes, of Wardhall, companion in arms of General Wolfe, married, in 1763, Mary, daughter of John Brougham, Esq., of Cockermouth, and also heiress of her brother, Peter Brougham, of Dovenby, who assumed the name and arms of Lamplugh. There was only one surviving child of this marriage, Mary, consequently her uncle, the younger brother of her father, inherited the estates. His wife, Jane, was the daughter and heiress of John Ballantine, Esq., of Crookdake Hall, and he took the name and arms of Ballantine, in addition to his own, by sign manual. Their eldest son and successor, Joseph Dykes Ballantine, Esq., married his cousin, Mary, only surviving child of Frecheville Dykes, as before mentioned, and assumed again the name of Dykes by sign manual. The Trustees of L.F.B. Dykes, Esq., of Dovenby Hall, are now the representatives. (B).



19 June 2015

Steve Bulman