The Worthies of Cumberland and
|>||The following is a "List of eminent men, natives of
the county of Cumberland, or who have been nearly connected with it," and also
includes figures of notoriety. Commentary from myself is in square brackets. Source
indicated by (J) - Jollies Cumberland Guide & Directory 1811, (MW) - Mannix
& Whellan, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cumberland, 1847, (M) - Mannix
& Co., History, Topography and Directory of Westmorland, 1851, (B) - T. Bulmer, History, Topography, and Directory of
Cumberland, 1901. Other entries are © Steve Bulman, unless indicated otherwise.
There are frequent references to "the city", or similar; in every case this
refers to Carlisle.
Hall, Anthony, D.D., was born in 1679, at Kirkbride, of which parish his father was rector. Queen's College, Oxford, was the scene of his education; and he afterwards became rector of Hampton Poyle, Oxfordshire. He published Commentaries de Scriptoribus Brittannicus, and several other learned works. Died in 1723.
Harrington, Robert, M.D., a native, and late of Carlisle, published a number of volumes on chemical subjects. (MW)
Harrison, Anthony, - see Penrith parish.
Harvey, Rev. Thomas, - see Bridekirk parish.
Hatfield, John, villain in the story of the Beauty of Buttermere.
Head, Guy, a painter of much eminence, and a native of this city. After studying under Sir Joshua Reynolds at the Royal Academy, he went to the continent, where he studied the works of the best masters in Germany, Italy, and Holland, for many years, with the most enthusiastic assiduity. While abroad, he made large purchases of original paintings, and was fortunate enough to get them on board ship before they could be seized by the French, who was [sic] then overrunning those countries. For this service he was indebted to Sir William Hamilton and Lord Nelson. Mr. Head exhibited his valuable collection in London, which excited much admiration, but he died soon after, in 1800. (J) [In the original text, his death is given as 1802, but corrected to 1800 by an erratum.] Some examples of his work can be seen on the National Portrait Gallery web-site. His parents were Thomas and Isabella Head, who ran a pub, perhaps the Sportsman Inn near St. Cuthbert's Church.
Hervey, Rev. Thomas, late curator of Underbarrow, in the parish of Kendal, Westmorland, was born at Dovenby, in the parish of Bridekirk, Cumberland, in the year 1740. At the age of ten years he was put under the care of that celebrated schoolmaster the Rev. Mr. Hunter, of Witherslack, near Kendal, where, after receiving his classical education, and residing sometime as teacher at Ramside and Selside, he was ordained to the perpetual curacy of Underbarrow aforesaid, about the year 1769, when he faithfully and zealously published the glad tidings of salvation to lost sinners through a crucified Jesus for 27 years. He died July 21st, 1806. As a pious, zealous, and exemplary minister of Christ, he had few equals; and as a laborious and persevering student in the sacred scriptures few surpassed him. He published a treatise on the 39 Articles - an explanation of the church catechism - the English climax - a very useful treatise on short hand; besides some occasional sermons and pamphlets. But the books he published in his life will scarcely bear comparison with the MS he left behind. The most considerable of which is a new and literal translation of the old testament, with the Hebrew notes affixed, and each marked in a particular manner. He had just before his death prepared for the press, and intended to publish a part of it, viz. the life of Joseph, with a new Hebrew grammar prefixed. He has left also a treatise on music, and a volume of sermons, both intended for the press; besides a book of hymns, and a very great number of MS chiefly on religious subjects. (J)
Hewitt, James, Earl of Lifford and Baron of Clonmell (Ireland) 1709? - 1789, was the grandson of James Hewitt and Mary Urwin, of Churchtown, Rockcliffe. The Earl's father, William, died in Coventry in 1747, having served in the office of Mayor for that city. The earl, who started his working life as an attorney, rose through the ranks of barrister, M.P., Privy Councillor, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland. (Personal communication, Graham Hewitt)
Heysham, John, M.D., of Carlisle, assisted in compiling the Natural History department for the History of Cumberland. He also published a Tract upon the Gaol Fever, Bills of Mortality, &c. (J)
Hobson, Rev. Thomas, - see Penrith parish.
Housman, John, of Lopham Park, Norfolk, a native of this county, - author of a Topographical Description of the Northern Counties, published in 1800. Respecting the merit of this work it is only necessary to remark that the whole impression was sold in the course of a few months; and that portion of it which related to the Tour of the Lakes has gone through three large editions. Mr. Housman also wrote the agricultural History of Cumberland, for Hutchinson's History of it, - the merit of which is universally acknowledged. (J)
Howard family - see Wetheral parish.
Howard, Charles, of Greystoke, Duke of Norfolk, father of that distinguished patriot the present Duke, published Biographical Anecdotes of the Noble Family of the Howards: likewise Moral Essays, in which are to be traced the liberality of his sentiments, the benevolence of his heart, and his true regard to moral and religious principle. (J)
Howard, Sir Francis, second son of Lord William Howard, of Naworth Castle, to whom he gave Corby and several estates in the county of Durham. Sir Francis had been a soldier all his life and in the year 1642 raised a regiment of 400 horse for the support of Charles I which he commanded and, besides other distinguished services, contributed greatly to the victory obtained in 1643 at Atherton Moor: there Colonel Thomas Howard, his eldest son, was killed, he having a few months before lost a brother of the same name and military rank, in a skirmish near Piercebridge. To raise and maintain this regiment, Sir Francis sold two considerable estates in the county of Durham, which would now be valued at more than £3000 per ann., and the remainder of his estates were confiscated during the Commonwealth; nor did his services, losses, and sufferings, or those of his sons, preserve the family from the sequestration of the residue of their property, as catholic recusants, during the times of religious heat in the reign of Charles II. (J)
Howard, Frederick, the present Earl of Carlisle, is justly esteemed a literary character. He published a volume of Poems, which possesses considerable merit; he is also author of a tragedy entitled The Father's Revenge, &c. (J)
Howard, Henry, Earl of Surrey, born 1520, was renowned for his military prowess, his accomplishments as a gentleman, and his poetical genius and writings; he is celebrated by Pope in his Windsor Forest, who applies to him these lines:
Matchless his pen, victorious was his
He was beheaded on suspicion of his designing to marry Princess Mary, and thereby aspiring to the throne. (J)
Howard, Henry, of Corby Castle, unites in his exalted and active mind, both the virtues of his ancestors, and their love of literature. He has published the Wild Huntsman's Chace, and The Freebooter, Poems from the German, and translated from that language an historical Drama (with an introduction and notes) entitled Goets of Berlingen with the Iron Hand. He also published a Drill for Light Infantry and Riflemen, arranged for the Cumberland Rangers: this corps, which he commands, has by the exertions of himself and the officers, attained a state of discipline not exceeded by any Volunteer corps in the kingdom. (J)
Howard, John, mathematician, being brought here when an infant, we are proud to claim him among our native geniuses. With little or no instruction, but merely by his own application, he became so celebrated for mathematical knowledge, that very few, indeed, could equal him in this respect. A Treatise on Spherical Geometry, published by him, is highly esteemed. After teaching a school in Carlisle for some time, he proceeded with the late Dr. Law, Bishop of Elphin, to Ireland, in the capacity of secretary, but returned to this country about two years afterwards, and resumed his humble occupation. In 1795 he removed to Newcastle, where his abilities were duly appreciated; but his health declining, he died there in 1799, aged 42 years. The intense application necessary to mathematical studies did not preclude Mr. Howard from cultivating the poetic muse; several of his productions in this line having appeared in the diurnal prints. (J)
Howard, Philip, of Corby Castle, also courted the muse with success, and is the author of a work of considerable learning, research, and of acknowledged literary merit, entitled Thoughts on the Structure of the Globe, the object of which is to explain philosophically the Mosaical account of the Creation and Deluge, and to deduce from this the causes of the actual Structure of the Earth. His literary talents and refined taste gave lustre to a life of exemplary virtue, piety, and mild benevolence; to him Corby owes much of its beauty, and the county many agricultural improvements. He died lamented and revered by all who knew him on the 8th January, 1810. (J)
Howard, Thomas, of Corby Castle, is the author of a Poem entitled The Landscape or the Banks of the Eden, and an elegy on the death of his eldest son. He died 1740. (J)
Howard, Lord William, a younger son of Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, who was beheaded by Mary, Queen of Scots. Having married one of the Dacres of the North, he settled to Naworth Castle; and though known to be a Catholic, he was appointed Warden of the Marches in the reigns of Elizabeth and James I, and by his exertions greatly contributed to the permanent security and civilization of the borders. Lord William died of the plague at Greystoke Castle, in the year 1640, and is the common ancestor of Lord Carlisle and the Corby family. He is one of the distinguished characters of Walter Scott's Lay of the Last Minstrel. (J)
Hudson, John, D.D., a learned divine and critic, and editor of many valuable works, was born at Wythop in 1662, and died in 1719. (J)
Hutton, Sir Richard, - see Penrith parish.
Iredale, Tom - Born at Stainburn, Workington in 1880, he spent much of his adult life as a naturalist in Australia and New Zealand. Link.
Ireland, Joshua, M.D., a native of, and practitioner in, Carlisle; and whose practice has been eminently successful. It is no little credit to our native city that Dr. Ireland should have founded a new śra in the annals of medicine, - he having successfully treated two cases of fungus hmatodes, by a method peculiar to himself; and which disorder had hitherto been pronounced incurable. But as an oculist Dr. Ireland shines conspicuously. He has already restored to the blessings of sight numberless patients, more particularly children born blind, who would, otherwise, in all probability, have lingered out their days - un-animated by the cheering rays of what the poet calls "the soul of this nether world". (J)
Irton, Ralph, Bishop of this see in 1280. He was of a Cumberland family, and in great confidence with Edward I. (J) [see also the Annals of the Bishops.]
19 June 2015
© Steve Bulman